Comparing UK and Romania’s Culture
Keywords: uk traditions, romania way of life, uk and romania
This case of analysis will provide a deep understanding about the people, culture, life-style and weather differences between Romania and UK. The purpose of this review is to bring a useful material for our Romanian consumer, EDMUNDO, so that you can deliver precious information to all or any the Romanian students who want to come to UK to enhance their studies in several areas of subject and also to develop skills for their career.
In the first area of the study, we use Geert Hofstedes cultural dimension theory to pull out the main cultural variations between Romania and UK. Hofstedes cultural dimension theory is a very efficient tool to distinguish the primary characteristics of countrywide or regional cultural bearings, that may affect the habit of some group or organization.
During the next part, we will focus on the macro environment factors such as political, economical, sociable and technical, forasmuch these can own important affect on Romanian learners lifestyle in the united kingdom.
Finally, in the last part we’ve provided some useful recommendations for the students’ knowledge ahead of their coming in the united kingdom because of their studies.
We assume that students from across the world need guidance in their career, so it is vital for us to help and provide effective and useful details for the organizations like, EDMUNDO, which mediates in offering great chances to those students.
Terms of Reference
Who are we?
We are Educational Cross-Culture Consultant Team component of Uk Council in UK. We’ve nineteen years of experience in educational cross-way of life, helping different Educational Institutions and Centres from over 80 countries to build up vital info on studying and living in UK.
Who is our consumer?
Our client can be an educational centre from Romania, EDMUNDO, whose main activity is to supply information, advice, support and financial answer for Romanian college students, who wishes to review in higher educational institutions in west Europe.
What our client asked us to do?
Because our consumer haven’t had so far almost any relation with UK, right now they are really thinking about discovering the UK’s educational establishments system, lifestyle, people and the environment, in order to provide helpful information for his or her students who plan to apply specifically for UK’s higher educational organizations. So we are going to provide them all the useful information that a potential student should have to know about UK, prior to their to arrive here.
Overview of current situation
With this globalization, everybody is likely to use different nationalities or review and live in different countries. Therefore it is vital that you understand and recognize persons from different cultures who’ve different ways of looking at points, such as for example dressing and expressing their individuality and sense. Romania and United Kingdom are two numerous countries, with different background, different people, but still, the difference is what genuinely makes the environment to be therefore diversified, and to find similarities between people of different culture, religious beliefs and nationality is a great way to stay linked with all of those other world. But in the end “diversity exists both within and among the cultures” (Nancy 1997, p. 17).
Analysis of the current situation
Hofstede’s Intercultural dimensions
For the beginning, we will distinguish the significant cultural variations between Romania and United Kingdom by using Hofstede’s four intercultural sizes (four – because there haven’t been performed relevant studies on Lengthy term orientation for Romania) and then we will illustrate if British Way of life have Power Distance; if they are individualistic society; if indeed they embrace risks; if they’re gender oriented world. Hofstede (2001, p. 24) said that “the comparison of cultures presupposes that there surely is something to be compared – that each culture isn’t so exceptional that any parallel with another customs is meaningless”.
Source: Hofstede,  The SD Model of professor Geert Hofstede, Available www.geert-hofstede.com, [2009, 26 Nov]
Power distance index:
The extent to which the less powerful participants of the culture accept/expect that electric power is distributed unequally is much higher in Romania (90) than in UK (35). Why there is normally such a big difference?
Superior ranked people/authority treats with respect their subordinates
Superior ranked people/authority will openly demonstrate their rank.
Tutor/teacher often will socialize with the scholar.
The relationship between tutor/instructor and student is definitely distant and impersonal.
Society is more equal.
Within a society, category division is accepted.
Mistakes created by the subordinates are often accepted by the managers due to their responsibility to manage.
When the things are going incorrect, the blame is likely to be taken by the subordinates.
Romanians tend to be more collectivist people (30), whereas British people more individualistic (89).
“I” is more very important to a person’s identity
“We” is more important for someone’s identity.
Individualism is encouraged
The sacrifice of individual need for the sake of the group requires.
Individuals make decisions, irrespective others opinions
Rules and decisions are made within the group associates.
The masculinity index shows that between UK and Romania generally there no big difference (66 vs. 42). But nonetheless in UK males have a tendency to be dominant in world and power structure.
Men and women must have different roles within a society
Men and women should have equal privileges and positions in world.
Conflicts are solved by aggressive means
Conflicts happen to be solved by negotiation.
Achievement, money and job are the main for a men’s life
Family, relationship and quality of life are the most important in life for a guy.
Uncertainty avoidance index:
For UAI dimension, Romania (90) has bigger index than UK (35). It means that in UK, the culture is less worried about uncertainty and ambiguity and will tolerate experimentation and assortment.
Because of immigration, the populace is varied.
Populations in Romania is not to multicultural.
Decision means risk
Risks are usually avoided in decision building process
Usually improvements and experiments happen to be tolerated and actually encouraged
Concepts and ground breaking ideas are tricky to be embraced.
Power distance – the score reveals that inequalities, rank and position between people will be predominantly low for British persons. There will vary ways of legislation to safeguard ethnic minorities on macro level, and on micro level, the relationships between the tutors and students are informal and involves little ceremony.
Individualism – Nancy J. A (1997, p. 25) observed that “British people are individualistic; they work with personal attributes and achievements to establish themselves, and they value specific welfare over that of the group”. On macro level, the predominant kind of social structure in UK in the nuclear spouse and children. On micro level, in various environment, individuals tend to be concerned of themselves rather than the group.
Uncertainty avoidance – By uncertainty avoidance we understand that British persons embraces changes and taking risks. On macro level, there are generally revisions and adjustments in laws and governments structures. On micro level, any different ideas and possibly disagreements between learners and tutor can be considered useful.
Masculinity – British society is known as for equality between sexes, but still exists in a few part of society a particular amount of gender bias, where men are “addicted to previous boy network” (Guirdham, pp. 558-28).
Macro environment factors can be considered as having as much importance as the tradition, due to its effect on daily basis activity for learners.
PEST analysis is the foremost tool to disclose these macro conditions factors for some country. It’s of serious use to know about the political, inexpensive, socio-cultural, technological, as these can be different from the country the student is via.
UK is usually a constitutional monarchy nation. They have a recognised monarch, which currently is certainly Queen Elizabeth II with limited powers and impartial political views. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT or the Executive operates the country, with the responsibility for developing and implementing laws and policies. The top of the Government, the Primary Minister Gordon Brown, appoints ministers, the Cabinet and the persons who operate in a government department.
There is usually a diplomatic relation between Romania and UK since 20th February 1880, two years after Romania attained its Independence, and since 2003 there has been established a Strategic Partnership.
Education is an increased concern for British authorities. It really is in responsibility of “Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Households” and “Secretary of Point out for Technology, Universities and Abilities”; the administration and funding of state educational organizations are in the responsibility of Local Authorities. Some of the major universities like University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, Imperial College or university of London happen to be in UK plus they are ranked among top 10 10 universities on the globe.
The government encourages all teenagers to wait all degrees of education, by giving loans, infrastructure, complex, physical and emotional support. These encouragements are requested both home and international students.
Students from Romania have the same rights as home students. First of all, there is no need of student visa or a restricted period of time to stay and live in the UK and second of all, the tuition service fees are the same as for home students.
As far as the task permit policy there are a few limitations for EU and overseas students. They are permitted to work 20 hours per week throughout their term period, and a full time schedule during holidays or when the training course meets certain full time work requirements. For Romanian and Bulgarian learners there must be issued a job permit cards called “Yellow Card” which gives them the equal privileges creative writing examples to work as the other pupils. This “Yellow card” is issued by the Home Office within six weeks.
The National Insurance Amount, without which the EU/International students cannot work, is supplied by HM Revenue and Customs department and it’s useful to get certain benefits in the event of need, and to get yourself a state pension. Unlike British pupils, Romanian students have to book an appointment at one of many Job Centre Plus to be able to have the NIN.
As an employment policy, British government has a flexible and open approach to attract very skilled workers. In every British company there must be numerous foreign or several cultural background employees, in concordance with country’s racial issue guidelines. So that it is encouraged the career of foreign graduate students, that is a great chance of any graduate to experience what they contain learnt throughout their studies in an excellent country like UK.
By GDP (expansion domestic product), United Kingdom’s economy may be the fifth largest economy in the world, and the sixth greatest by PPP (purchasing vitality parity), estimated to end up being $2.279 trillion. In Europe, UK may be the second major economy after Germany,
The inflation in UK
is low, unlike additional EU countries. In October 2009, the CPI annual inflation was 1.5%, the Governments target for 2009. The unemployment fee rose by 0.1% in the last year, reaching 7.8% (2.46 million) of the population workforce.
When it involves higher educational organizations, to pay the tuition fees is among the biggest issues faced by the pupils. There are a lot of encouragements for both home and EU students, specifically with regards to monetary support. The British authorities encourages and supports all of the teenagers to keep their studies to be able to obtain higher degrees like Bachelor, Masters and PhD.
Yearly, they are offering huge cash to sustain students to check out their career also to develop themselves. Nearly 50% of the university students are receiving monetary help from sources different from their families. In forms or scholarships, grants and loans, every person can achieve an increased education degree regardless if their budget does to allow doing so.
For undergraduate full time courses, British learners are granted with fiscal support up to £2906 for tuition charges, without paying out it back, or more to £4950 for living expenses. For Master level or PhD, they can apple for a Profession Development Loan with special interest levels. Unlike British pupils, Romanian students advantage of the British Government student loan, but they have to repay it back either in a decade with an interest which is equal inflation rate, or if they will earn wages a lot more than £1250/month or £288/week. If they will earn significantly less than the thresholds that applies for them, than they’ll never have to pay it back.
Yearly British universities inject huge amounts of resources into analysis, development, learning facilities, accommodation so that you can offer for the students the best environment because of their studies.
Students are treated not the same as all of those other people in the united kingdom. They are granted discount rates at the almost all of the shopping stores, transport, party clubs, exercise clubs and cinemas.
British people will be kind and hospitable people. That’s the reason why in UK there will be concentrated a wide variety of cultures. UK is a wonderful nation to live and research in because the people is formed of unique nationalities and cultural backgrounds. In 2008 census, in the UK the population was 61.4 million persons. The ethnic groupings are formed of 92% white race, 2% dark, 1.8% Indian, 1.3% Pakistan, 0.4% Chinese and 0.4 Other Asians.
The language is certainly British English, in origin a West Germanic language descended from Out of date English with some borrowing from French, Latin and Aged Norse. Nowadays, English is the international business language, and in many countries it’s the most taught second vocabulary. Beside this, because of the big amount of ethnic communities, there happen to be spoken a great many other languages like Hindi (Indian), Urdu (Pakistan), Chinese, Polish, etc.
For Romanian learners it’s an excellent environment to live and research in, as a result of this mixed culture they will accustom in a short period of time. A number of them will sign up for their compatriots and some others will mix among their new international close friends. It’s a great location to make new good friends, learn different cultures and languages, flavor new dishes and so many other interesting activities to portion. A lot of the universities offer because of their students the possibility to become listed on sport groups and practice their preferred sports at one of many partner sports activities centres. UK established fact because of their diversity in sports: soccer, cricket, tennis, golfing, rugby and horsemanship.
During their study there are organized different social activities among college students, mostly for socializing: making latest friends, trips to distinct places and countries, classic evening parties, disco functions, plus they are given possibility to create groups and communities like Indian network, Pakistan community.
Christianity is the key religion in UK. After the 2001 census, 71.6% of the interrogated population said they will be Christian, 15.1% they haven’t any religion, 2.8% Islam, 1.0% Hinduism, 0.5% Judaism and 0.3% Buddhism. Romanians happen to be most Christian Orthodox, but definitely you will have no problems about the religion in the united kingdom.
Wherever you go, it is possible to locate churches, chapels, cathedrals, chapels of ease, mosque, temples and synagogues. There are significant amounts of schools and universities which have been founded as faith colleges and bear Christian brands like St. Mary, St. John. So religion has strong connection with education in the UK.
The health insurance for the both home and EU college students is free during their study period. They have to complete the HC1 type and send out it to UK Wellness Department along with the required documentation. A lot of medical expenses can be claimed with the HC1 form.
United Kingdom is probably the innovative countries in technology. Most of the people get access to different kind of technology like satellite wire system, high web connection and telecommunication. All of the universities are well built with technology. Atlanta divorce attorneys university there are available for students thousands of personal computers, high internet connection within the university area, projectors atlanta divorce attorneys classrooms and public learning areas, special devices for specialized classes like Mass media, Arts and Computer Science.
The infrastructure in UK is usually remarkably developed. The transportation program is one of the sophisticated on the globe. Across the UK there is a 46904 km of radial road network, with 3497 km of motorway network. The rail network includes 16116 km assuring reference to all the villages and cities across UK. Heathrow Airport terminal is the UK’s biggest airport terminal and has de just about all international passenger site visitors of any airport worldwide. From Romanian there are direct flights with airlines like Wizzair, Blue Atmosphere, British Airways arriving in significant airports like Stansted, Luton, Manchester, etc.
For the students via Romania, the transportation program in the UK will be different. They have to drive on the left side of the street. It can be seriously confusing for them because they’re via right side driving nation; for crossing the street they need to look first on your right side rather than the left, and if they are driving they must be really careful. In the event of browsing the downtown of important cities with a car, everybody has to pay a certain amount of cash. This measure is to prevent visitors jams and pollution in once.
British “Dual Decker” buses are popular in the world. If you are going to visit locations like London, Manchester, Leeds you will certainly have the pleasure to get a trip with these renowned buses.
Students are granted discounts for all key of transport: buses, trams and rails. In UK transport is normally feasible. At every station there are schedules for buses, trams and trains.
Solutions and recommendations
Comparing Romania and UK by cultural history aswell on PEST analysis level of views there can be highlighted some differences which may have been discussed through the study case. Certainly, Romania is via forty years of communist regime, but still a lot of the population has managed to overcome the changeover period. Especially for the youngsters, coming in the UK and living and studying here will not be a huge difference for them.
UK is known to be a very expensive country to live in. The currency found in UK can be Pound Sterling. It is the most valuable monetary on earth. As well London it’s the most expensive city in the united kingdom. Here the rent, the meals and transportation is somewhat greater than the other cities.
For Romanian college students coming here to review, our recommendation would be to apply for the education loan in order to decrease their costs of living; and a university accommodation at least for the first year. Than by learning and making brand-new friends they are able to share together an apartment in the city where they are studying. Once they have a component time task, their income-expense accounts will be balanced.
In the UK the weather is different from a great many other countries. It’s rather a beautiful day but after just handful of hours it’s rather a showery rain. It rains frequently, the most of the times are foggy, and at all times people look and feel the humidity. Romanian learners might find it disturbing till they’ll accustom with it, because in Romania, summers are sunny and beautiful. They need to have rainfall coats and great umbrellas.
As well the transportation system is different from the main one in Romania. In UK you travel on the right part, unlike Romania, on the still left. Romanian students have to be alert to this, learn the traffic signs and become informed of all these before their arrival in the UK.
Because in the united kingdom there are studying many students from across the world, Romanian students have to be friendly, sociable and tolerant with the additional communities. Romanians are very open-minded people, but in socializing with the international students, specifically from middle orient and Asia they need to be familiar with their behaviour in order not to offend or criticize them unconsciously.
UK established fact as being one the very best beer producers on the globe. British people enjoy having fun: they spend generally their nights at pubs and disco clubs. Sometimes many of them might consume alcohol more than necessary. Romanian students need to be 100% specialized in their analyses, and whenever they’re going out with friends be familiar with their limitations.
If there are concerns within their school or life, there is always a department to assist Romanian students, and whether it’s beyond they authority, they can easily address to one of the Romanian consulates and actually Romanian Embassy in London.
We are sure Romanian students will enjoy their lifestyle in UK. British life style will suit them perfectly. They have the opportunity to apply for one of the best universities on the globe and develop their expertise which can only help them within their future careers. After all, Romania can be an European nation as UK, so there are plenty of similarities in customs, environment and folks.
Our institute helped many other educational institutions from worldwide to assist the students and we are able to proudly speak that those learners who came in the united kingdom are flawlessly accustomed with almost how to start an informative essay anything they have encountered.
We are sure that our relation will be a positive one, and alongside one another we will try to create and create a new opportunity for all the Romanian students who want to study in the UK.